Florence Nightingale was best known for her pioneering work in nursing, but was also a successful writer and statistician.
She was shocked to hear tales of immense suffering experienced by solider injured in the Crimean War.
On 21 October 1854, she and a staff of 38 women volunteer nurses, trained by Nightingale were sent (under the authorization of Sidney Herbert) to Turkey, about 545 km across the Black Sea from Balaklava in the Crimea, where the main British camp was based.
She became known as the Lady with the Lamp, as she tirelessly conducted her rounds late into the night.
Florence Nightingale's experience in the war led her to found the modern nursing profession. She set an example of compassion, commitment to patient care, and diligent and thoughtful hospital administration.
The first official nurses' training program, the Nightingale School for Nurses, opened in 1860. The mission of the school was to train nurses to work in hospitals, work with the poor, and to teach.
Nightingale's ethos towards caring for the poor heavily relied on these verses from Matthew 25.35-40, where Jesus speaks of the importance of helping the sick.